Do you experience sensitivity when you drink a cup of hot coffee or when you bite into a popsicle? If so, you could be suffering from tooth sensitivity. Here, we’ll explain what tooth sensitivity is, what causes it, tooth sensitivity remedies, and how you can prevent it.
What Is Tooth Sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity is the uncomfortable sensation that happens when you eat or drink hot or cold substances. This occurs when your dentin is exposed. Dentin is the layer under your enamel, the hard outer shell that protects your teeth, which becomes exposed when your enamel has been worn away or weakened. Dentin is more sensitive than enamel because it is composed of tiny canals called tubules that allow fluid to flow through them and reach the nerves. This is why someone with exposed dentin would experience pain when they drink something too cold or eat something too hot and hit the nerves in the teeth.
What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?
There are a number of reasons why your teeth might be sensitive and many are associated with more serious dental health issues. Gum recession exposes dentin when the gums pull away from the teeth, creating pockets. Gum disease is another cause of tooth sensitivity because the sore and inflamed gum tissue can cause a tooth’s root to be exposed. If you have plaque buildup, the acid in the plaque is wearing away at the enamel and could cause decay. Even a cracked tooth could be the cause of tooth sensitivity if bacteria gets into the pulp of the tooth.
Tooth Sensitivity Remedies
There are some over the counter tooth sensitivity remedies that can help manage the pain. For example, there are desensitizing toothpastes that bring relief after multiple applications and block the pain. Fluoride can also strengthen enamel and ease the pain of tooth sensitivity when it’s applied to sensitive parts of the mouth. Another remedy is bonding, which is when a bonding resin is applied to exposed roots. Additionally, limiting your intake of hot or cold substances could help to temporarily make you more comfortable.
How Can You Prevent Tooth Sensitivity?
The best way to prevent tooth sensitivity is to practice good oral health habits daily in order to keep your enamel strong so your dentin never becomes exposed. This means brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time you brush, flossing your teeth at least once a day, and making sure you are using a toothpaste that includes fluoride. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet that is low in sugar and starch and high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals can further strengthen your enamel. Staying away from acidic foods is also very important.
Visit Us at Dental Solutions of Avon
Regular visits to our office is important for overall oral health. If you are suffering from tooth sensitivity, give us a call today to schedule an appointment.